1701 French explorer Antoine De La Mothe Cadillac landed at the present site of Detroit and founded Fort Detroit.
1847 Mormon leader Brigham Young and his followers arrived at the Great Salt Lake in Utah to form the first settlement in that state.
1897 Aviatrix Amelia Earhart is born. She disappears over the Pacific in 1937.
1915 More than 800 people died when the pleasure steamer Eastland rolled over a few feet from a Chicago dock in the Chicago River.
1956 After a decade together as the country’s most popular comedy team, Dean Martin andJerry Lewis call it quits. They do their last show at the Copacabana nightclub in New York City, ending their relationship exactly 10 years after they had started it.
1959 Vice President Richard Nixon, during a visit to the U.S.S.R., engaged in a debate with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev on the merits of capitalism. It would become known as the “kitchen debate,” because it took place in a model kitchen exhibit at the U.S. Trade and Cultural Fair.
1967 The four members of the Beatles, along with manager Brian Epstein, sign a petition calling for the legalization of marijuana.
1971 “Wild Horses” by the Rolling Stones peaks at Number 28 on the pop chart.
1971 “Change Partners” by Stephen Stills peaks at Number 43 on the pop chart.
1971 “Get It On” by T. Rex hits Number One on the U.K. pop chart, where it stays for four weeks.
1971 Mud Slide Slim And The Blue Horizon by James Taylor peaks at Number Two on the album chart, where it stays for three weeks.
1971 Songs For Beginners by Graham Nash is released.
1974 The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon had to turn over 64 subpoenaed White House tape recordings to the Watergate special prosecutor.
1976 “Got To Get You Into My Life” by the Beatles peaks at Number Seven on the pop chart, where it stays for three weeks. That same day, “Back In The USSR” peaks at Number 19 on the U.K. pop chart.
1976 “The Boys Are Back In Town” by Thin Lizzy peaks at Number 12 on the pop chart.
1978 The self-titled debut album from Van Halen is certified gold.
1978 The movie Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, starring Peter Frampton, the Bee Gees, and George Burns, opens. It features cameos by Aerosmith, Earth, Wind & Fire, and others.
1980 Actor Peter Sellers (the Pink Panther movies, Dr. Strangelove Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb, Being There) dies at age 54.
1982 “Eye Of The Tiger” by Survivor hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for six weeks.
1982 “Hold Me” by Fleetwood Mac peaks at Number Four on the pop chart, where it stays for seven weeks.
1983 George Brett‘s ninth inning homer putting the Kansas City Royals ahead against the New York Yankees was disallowed when the umpires ruled Brett used too much pine tar on his bat. American League president Lee McPhail later overruled the decision, and the game resumed on August 18th, with the Royals beating the Yankees by a score of 4-3.
1988 OU812 by Van Halen is released.
1998 A gunman named Russell Weston, Jr. opened fire at the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C., killing two police officers and wounding a tourist. Police shot Weston multiple times, and he was revived at the scene by Tennessee Senator and heart surgeon Bill Frist. Weston survived and was later charged with murder.
1998 Saving Private Ryan, starring Tom Hanks and produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, opens in U.S. theaters.