31 B.C.E., Roman leader Octavian defeated the alliance of fellow Roman Mark Antony and Egypt’s Queen Cleopatra in the naval battle of Actium. The victory gave Octavian control of the entire Roman world, and he became Augustus Caesar, the first Roman emperor. Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide the next year.
1666, the Great Fire Of London broke out in the early morning inside a baker’s shop. The fire burned 80% of London, claiming thousands of homes, and destroying St. Paul’s Church. However, only six people were killed in the several days that the fire burned.
1752, Britain and its colonies — including the American colonies — made the adjustment from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar, which had been in use in most Catholic countries for almost two centuries. According to the British Calendar Act Of 1751, the day after September 2nd, 1752, would be September 14th, 1752.
1864, Union General William T. Sherman‘s forces marched into and occupied Atlanta during the Civil War.
1901, speaking at a Minnesota State Fair, Vice President Theodore Roosevelt offered this advice from an African proverb: “Speak softly and carry a big stick, you will go far.”
1902, The first sci-fi film, A Trip to the Moon, is released.
1936, The first transatlantic round-trip flight takes place.
1944, Navy pilot and future president George H. W. Bush was shot down by the Japanese during World War II in the Bonin Islands. Bush was rescued, but his two crew members died.
1944Anne Frank is sent to Auschwitz, the concentration camp.
1945, after informally surrendering to the U.S. in August after two atomic bombs were dropped on them, Japan formally surrendered in ceremonies aboard the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
1963, Alabama Governor George C. Wallace prevented the integration of Tuskegee High School by encircling the building with state troopers. Eight days later, President John F. Kennedy federalized the Alabama National Guard to ensure integration.
1963The CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite was lengthened from 15 minutes to 30 minutes, becoming network TV’s first half-hour nightly newscast.
1972Rod Stewart has his first number one hit with You Wear It Well.
1974, The Employee Retirement Income Security Act is signed by President Gerald Ford.
1982Keith Richard‘s house burns down.
1986Cathy Evelyn Smith was sentenced to three years for the death of John Belushi. She was found guilty of injecting the actor with a fatal dose of herion and cocaine in 1982.
1998, a Swissair jet crashed off Nova Scotia, killing all 229 people on board.
2005, the National Guard arrived in New Orleans four days after Hurricane Katrina. President George W. Bush toured the Gulf Coast and acknowledged the government’s failure to stop crime and help people during the storm and its aftermath.
2010Brookes & Dunn play their final show together at Nashville’s Bridgestone Arena. The show was a fundraiser for the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum.