August 30

30 B.C.E. Egypt’s Queen Cleopatra committed suicide by letting a poisonous snake bite her. She was 39.

1905 In his major league debut, the Detroit Tigers’ Ty Cobb doubled off New York Highlanders pitcher Jack Chesbro in a 5-3 Tigers victory.

1918 Baseball great Ted Williams was born. He died July 5th, 2002, at age 83.

1918 Nikolai Lenin survived an attempted assassination in Moscow by Fanya Kaplan, a member of the Social Revolutionary Party. Kaplan was executed four days later, on September 3rd.

1963 The “Hot Line” communications link between Washington and Moscow went into operation after a lack of direct communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis almost resulted in nuclear war.

1967 The U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment of Thurgood Marshall as the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

1965 Casey Stengel announced his retirement after 55 years in baseball.

1974 The Brady Bunch last aired on ABC.

1983 Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first African-American astronaut to travel in space, flying aboard the Challenger 3 in the eighth space shuttle mission.

1989 A federal jury in New York found hotel queen Leona Helmsley guilty of income tax evasion.

1990 Ken Griffey and Ken Griffey Jr. became the first father and son to play on the same baseball team at the same time, when they suited up for the Seattle Mariners.

1993 The Late Show With David Letterman aired for the first time.