1814 During The War Of 1812, British forces in Washington, D.C., destroy the Library Of Congress.
1875 Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel. He did it in 22 hours without a life jacket.
1922 In the highest scoring major-league baseball game ever played, the Chicago Cubs beat the Philadelphia Phillies, 26-23.
1916 The U.S. National Park Service was established within the Department Of The Interior.
1944 Paris was liberated by the Allies after four years of Nazi occupation.
1945 Baptist missionary and Army intelligence agent Captain John Birch was executed as a spy by China. The anti-Communist John Birch Society was named in his honor.
1946 Golfer Ben Hogan scored his first major win at the PGA championship.
1962 “The Loco-Motion” by Little Eva peaked at Number One on the pop chart.
1963 Paul McCartney is fined and has his driver’s license suspended for a year for speeding.
1967 The Beatles and friends go to Bangor, Wales, to study transcendental meditation with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.
1970 Elton John plays his first U.S. concert, at The Trocadero in Los Angeles.
1973 The CAT scan (Computer Assisted Tomography) was first used.
1979 “The Devil Went Down to Georgia” by the Charlie Daniels Band reached Number One on the country chart.
1979 “My Sharona” by the Knack hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for six weeks.
1979 “Cars” by Gary Numan is released.
1979 Candy-O by the Cars peaks at Number Three on the album chart, where it stays for four weeks.
1984 Author Truman Capote (Breakfast At Tiffany’s, In Cold Blood) dies at age 59.
1986 Graceland by Paul Simon is released.
1987 The movie Dirty Dancing, starring Jennifer Grey, Patrick Swayze, Jerry Orbach, and Wayne Knight, opens.
1992 Scientists report that cigarette smoking significantly increases the risk of getting cataracts.
1994 Robert Plant and Jimmy Page reunite at LTW Studios in London for their MTV Unplugged set Unledded.
1999 On Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?, the $1,000,000 question is who won the first hard rock/heavy metal Grammy. Contestant Michael Shutterly doesn’t know the answer is Jethro Tull, so he decides to quit while he’s ahead, having already earned $500,000. Shutterly says he’s certain the answer was not Jethro Tull — and had he guessed wrong, his earnings would have been reduced to $32,000.