July 30

1729 The city of Baltimore was founded in Maryland.

1768 Captain Cook set sail on his first voyage around the world.

1863 President Abraham Lincoln issued an Order Of Retaliation during the Civil War for the Union Army to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot by the Confederate Army.

1863 Automotive pioneer Henry Ford is born. He dies in 1947.

1898 Corn Flakes are invented by Will Kellogg.

1900 An earthquake nearly destroys Acapulco, Mexico

1945 The cruiser U.S.S. Indianapolis, which had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian, was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. Only 316 out of 1,196 men survived the sinking and many hours in shark-infested waters.

1954 Elvis Presley made his professional concert debut in Memphis, Tennessee’s Overton Park, opening for Slim Whitman.

1956 ”In God We Trust” was authorized the national motto of the United States.

1965 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Medicare bill into law, to provide limited health care for the elderly and disabled.

1966 ”Wild Thing” by the Troggs hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.

1966 ”I Saw Her Again” by the Mamas & the Papas peaks at Number Five on the pop chart.

1966 Yesterday…And Today by the Beatles hits Number One on the album chart, where it stays for five weeks.

1970 The Rolling Stones announce that neither Allen Klein, ABKCO Records, nor any other company has any authority to negotiate contracts on their behalf. A lengthy legal battle ensues.

1973 ”Over The Hills And Far Away” by Led Zeppelin peaks at Number 51 on the pop chart. That same day, a performance at Madison Square Garden in New York City is shot for The Song Remains The Same, and $180,000 of the band’s money is robbed from their hotel and never recovered.

1974 Under coercion from the Supreme Court, President Richard Nixon finally released the Watergate tapes. Meanwhile, the House Judiciary Committee voted 21-17 on the last of three charges to impeach him. Nixon resigned before he could be impeached by the full House and brought to trial before the Senate.

1975 Former Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa mysteriously disappears in suburban Detroit, Michigan. Although presumed dead, his remains have never been found. Hoffa was declared legally dead in 1982.

1977 ”I’m In You” by Peter Frampton peaks at Number Two on the pop chart, where it stays for three weeks.

1983 ”Stop! In The Name Of Love” by the Hollies (with Graham Nash back in the group), a cover of the Supremes song, peaks at Number 29 on the pop chart.

1983 ”Slipping Away” by Dave Edmunds peaks at Number 39 on the pop chart.

1984 Reggie Jackson hits his 494th home run of his career, passing the Yankees’ Lou Gehrig and taking over 13th place on the all-time home run list.

1988 ”Roll With It” by Steve Winwood hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for four

1992 Superman creator Joe Shuster dies at age 78.

1994 ”Crazy” by Aerosmith peaks at Number 17 on the pop chart.

1994 Voodoo Lounge by the Rolling Stones enters the album chart at its peak position of Number Two.

1999 Linda Tripp, whose secretly recorded phone conversations with Monica Lewinsky led to the impeachment of President Clinton, is charged in Maryland with illegal wiretapping. Prosecutors later drop the charges.

1999 The Blair Witch Project opens in wide release. Costing only $60,000, it takes in more than $80 million in its first two weeks of release, making it the most profitable movie of all time.

2002 The Rising by Bruce Springsteen is released. To celebrate it, he appears on the Todayshow, Nightline, and UpClose.

2003 The Rolling Stones headline the Molson Canadian Rocks For Toronto benefit concert at the city’s Downsview Park. Also on the bill are Rush, the Guess WhoAC/DC, the Isley BrothersJustin Timberlake, the Flaming LipsSass JordanKathleen EdwardsSam Roberts, and La Chicane. The hosts for the event are actors Dan Aykroyd and Jim Belushi.

2003 Sun Records founder Sam Phillips dies at age 80.