1620 The Mayflower left from Plymouth, England, for the New World with 102 people on board.
1810 Father Miguel Hidalgo began an uprising meant to free Mexico from Spanish colonial rule. This day is now considered Mexican Independence Day.
1908 General Motors is founded by William C. Durant.
1914 Candid Camera host Allen Funt is born. He dies in 1999.
1920 A bomb planted in an unattended horse-drawn wagon exploded on New York City’s Wall Street, killing 35 people and injuring hundreds more. Bolshevist or anarchist terrorists were believed to be responsible, but the crime was never solved.
1940 President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Selective Training And Service Act into law, setting up the first peacetime military draft in U.S. history.
1972 The Bob Newhart Show debuted on CBS.
1963 ”She Loves You” by the Beatles is released.
1963 The TV series The Outer Limits premieres.
1964 The TV series Shindig! premieres.
1965 The Byrds appear on the second-season premiere of Shindig!
1966 Bassist Pete Quaife leaves the Kinks, and is replaced by John Dalton.
1968 Richard Nixon makes the first of three cameo appearances on Rowan & Martin‘s Laugh-In.
1970 Jimi Hendrix makes his final public appearance, jamming with Eric Burdon & War at Ronnie Scott‘s club in London.
1971 Who’s Next by the Who is certified gold.
1972 Never A Dull Moment by Rod Stewart hits Number One on the U.K. album chart.
1972 Peter Frampton plays his first solo show, as the opening act for the J. Geils Band at the Academy Of Music in New York City.
1972 The TV series The Bob Newhart Show, starring Bob Newhart, Suzanne Pleshette, Bill Daily, Peter Bonerz, Marcia Wallace, and Jack Riley, premieres.
1974 President Ford announces conditional amnesty for Vietnam War deserters and draft evaders.
1977 T. Rex leader Marc Bolan dies in a car crash at age 29.
1978 ”Just What I Needed” by the Cars peaks at Number 27 on the pop chart.
1978 The Grateful Dead plays the third of three concerts in front of the Great Pyramid near Cairo, Egypt. The show is timed to coincide with a lunar eclipse.
1980 The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was shortened to 60 minutes from 90 minutes.
1982 The massacre of hundreds of Palestinian men, women, and children by Lebanese Christian militiamen began in Beirut’s Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
1984 The trendy TV cop show Miami Vice premiered.
1991 A federal judge dismissed all Iran-Contra charges against Oliver North over issues related to whether his immunized testimony influenced other witnesses.
1993 The Cheers spin-off Frasier debuted on NBC.
1993 Grace Slick‘s Mill Valley, California, home is destroyed by fire when sparks from welders’ torches accidentally ignite dry grass. Damages are estimated at about $700,000.
1999 The U.S. Postal Service issues its Woodstock stamp.