October 16

1846 Dentist William T. Morton demonstrated the effectiveness of ether as an anesthetic.

1923 Walter E. Disney and Roy O. Disney founded Disney Brothers Studio.

1946 Ten Nazi leaders who had been sentenced to death at the Nuremberg war crimes trials were hanged.

1962 President John F. Kennedy was informed by his aides that reconnaissance photographs had shown the presence of missile bases in Cuba, marking the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

1964 China became the world’s fifth nuclear power after detonating its first atomic bomb.

1969 The New York Mets won their first World Series in their eighth year as a baseball franchise. The “Miracle Mets” were 100-to-1 long shots at the start of the season to take the championship.

1970 Anwar Sadat was elected president of Egypt, succeeding the late Gamal Abdel Nasser.

1978 Cardinal Karol Wojtyla of Poland was chosen as the new pope. He took the name John Paul II.

1982 ”Eye In The Sky” by the Alan Parsons Project peaks at Number Three on the pop chart, where it stays for three weeks.

1982 ”Somebody’s Baby” by Jackson Browne peaks at Number Seven on the pop chart, where it stays for three weeks.

1982 ”You Can Do Magic” by America peaks at Number Eight on the pop chart, where it stays for five weeks.

1985 Artists United Against Apartheid records “Sun City.” Besides organizer Little Steven, the track features vocals from performers including Bruce SpringsteenBonoPat BenatarJackson BrowneLou ReedBruce Springsteen, and Bono.

1986 Keith RichardsEric ClaptonJoe WalshRobert CrayJulian LennonLinda RonstadtEtta James, and Chuck Berry play the Fox Theater in St. Louis. The show is filmed, and portions are used in the movie Hail! Hail! Rock ‘N’ Roll.

1987 18-month-old Jessica McClure was rescued 58 hours after she fell into a Texas well.

1995 African-American men gathered in Washington, D.C., for the Million Man March, which was organized by Nation Of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.

2002 President Bush signed a congressional resolution authorizing war against Iraq.