1609 Henry Hudson first entered New York harbor at present-day Manhattan and began sailing up the river that now carries his name.
1752 This date became September 14th, when Great Britain — including the American colonies — implemented the Gregorian Calendar. In the switch, 11 days were skipped, going from September 2nd to September 14th the next day.
1783 The Treaty Of Paris between the U.S. and Great Britain was signed, officially ending the Revolutionary War two years after the fighting had stopped.
1838 Frederick Douglass escaped slavery disguised as a free sailor. He became an abolitionist, journalist, and author who wrote his memoirs about life as a slave.
1939 Britain and France declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland.
1964 U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy resigned his post to run for the U.S. Senate from New York.
1966 ”Sunshine Superman” by Donovan hits Number One on the pop chart.
1966 ”Blowin’ In The Wind” by Stevie Wonder, a cover of the Bob Dylan song, peaks at Number Nine on the pop chart.
1970 Canned Heat guitarist-harmonica player Alan Wilson dies at age 27.
1971 Burglars broke into the office of Dr. Lewis Fielding, psychiatrist to Daniel Ellsberg, who’d leaked the “Pentagon Papers” to the Washington Post and the New York Times. The secret study detailed the U.S. role in Indochina from World War II to
1976 The unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking 2 landed on Mars, sending back the first close-up, color photographs of the planet’s surface.
1977 Japanese baseball legend Sadaharu Oh, “the Babe Ruth of Japan,” hit his 756th career home run, surpassing Hank Aaron as the all-time career home run leader in professional baseball. However, Japanese baseball is not included in Major League Baseball records, so Aaron still reigns as the official all-time home run champ. Oh retired in 1980 with 868 career homers.
1977 ”Barracuda” by Heart peaks at Number 11 on the pop chart.
1977 ”Christine Sixteen” by Kiss peaks at Number 25 on the pop chart, the same day that Love Gun peaks at Number Four on the album chart.
1978 Pope John Paul I was installed as the 264th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.
1982 The first day of the US Festival, which is sponsored by Apple Computers founder Steve Wozniak, gets underway in San Bernardino, California. The bill that day includes Talking Heads, the B-52′s, Oingo Boingo, the English Beat, the Ramones, Gang Of Four, and headliners the Police. Ranking Roger from the English Beat joins the Police onstage at the end of their set.
1983 ”Sweet Dreams (Are Made Of This)” by Eurythmics hits Number One on the pop chart.
1983 ”If Anyone Falls” by Stevie Nicks is released.
1988 ”Look Out Any Window” by Bruce Hornsby & the Range peaks at Number 35 on the pop chart.
1988 ”Ship Of Fools” by Robert Plant peaks at Number 84 on the pop chart.
1988 Actors Kevin Bacon and Kyra Sedgwick are married.
1994 ”Wild Night” by John Mellencamp & Me’Shell Ndegeocello, a cover of the Van Morrison song, peaks at Number Three on the pop chart.
1994 ”Love Is Strong” by the Rolling Stones peaks at Number 91 on the pop chart.
1994 Sleeps With Angels by Neil Young enters the album chart at its peak position of Number Nine.
1994 After The Storm by Crosby, Stills & Nash peaks at Number 98 on the album chart.
1995 eBay founded.
1999 A French judge closed a two-year inquiry into the car crash that killed Princess Diana, dismissing all charges against nine photographers and a press motorcyclist, and concluding the accident was caused by the drunk driver of Diana’s car.
2000 Alice Cooper throws out the ceremonial first pitch before a Detroit Tigers home game at Comerica Park.
2002 Ray Manzarek and Robby Krieger play their first show under the revived banner of the Doors at the House Of Blues in Los Angeles. They have since use the title the Doors Of The 21st Century, and are now known as Riders On The Storm after losing a lawsuit filed by drummer John Densmore and the estates of Jim Morrison and his widow Pamela Courson.