October 21

1520 Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan entered the strait at the southern tip of South America that now bears his name, the Strait Of Magellan.

1879 Thomas Edison invented a workable electric light at his New Jersey laboratory.

1917 The first American division entered World War I near Nancy, France.

1952 Grateful Dead keyboardist Brent Mydland is born. He dies in 1990.

1957 “Jailhouse Rock” by Elvis Presley peaked at Number One on the pop singles chart.

1958 Buddy Holly makes his last studio recordings, laying down “True Love Ways,” “Raining In My Heart,” “It Doesn’t Matter Anymore,” and “Moondreams.”

1959 The Guggenheim Museum opened to the public in New York City.

1964 My Fair Lady, starring Audrey Hepburn and Rex Harrison, premiered.

1965 The Spencer Davis Group records “Keep On Running.”

1965 Early Elvis Presley bassist Bill Black dies at age 39.

1966 The Grateful Dead begin selling their first bit of merchandise — a T-shirt with a picture of keyboardist Ron “Pigpen” McKernan on it.

1967 “How Can I Be Sure” by the Young Rascals peaks at Number Four on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.

1969 Author Jack Kerouac (On The Road) dies at age 47.

1972 “My Ding-A-Ling” by Chuck Berry hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.

1972 Days Of Future Passed by the Moody Blues peaks at Number Three on the album chart, where it stays for five weeks.

1975 Elton John gets a star on the Hollywood Walk Of Fame as part of Elton John Week in Los Angeles.

1975 Boston Red Sox catcher Carlton Fisk hit a dramatic, game-winning home run in the 12th inning of Game Six of the World Series against the Cincinnati Reds. Worried that his long drive down the left field line might go foul, Fisk furiously waved his hands for the ball to stay fair, which it did, ricocheting off the foul pole. Boston’s 7-6 victory evened the Series at three games each, however, the Reds came back to win Game 7 and take the Series.

1976 The Led Zeppelin movie The Song Remains The Same opens in New York City.

1978 Who Are You by the Who peaks at Number Two on the album chart, where it stays for two weeks.

1979 Norwegian marathoner Greta Waitz won the right for women to participate in the New York City marathon.

1980 The Philadelphia Phillies won their first World Series in their 98-year history, defeating the Kansas City Royals in six games.

1988 A federal grand jury in New York indicted former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos and his wife, Imelda, on charges of fraud and racketeering. Marcos died before he could face trial, and Mrs. Marcos was acquitted in 1990.

1992 Elton John files a lawsuit against the syndicated TV show Hard Copy for slander, extortion, reckless endangerment, and invasion of privacy, after a reporter for the show falsely claimed he had moved to Atlanta to be near an AIDS treatment center.

2001 Washington, D.C., postal worker Thomas L. Morris Jr. died of inhaled anthrax.

2001 United We Stand benefit concert for September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks victims, held at RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C. Event organized and headlined by Michael Jackson, also featuring pop stars Aerosmith, Mariah Carey, Backstreet Boys, and others.

2003 The Great American Songbook: Volume II by Rod Stewart is released.

2003 Actor Fred Berry (he played Rerun on What’s Happening!) dies at age 52.