January 30

1835 The first attempt on the life of a U.S. president was made, as someone took two shots at President Andrew Jackson in the rotunda of the Capitol but missed.

1882 President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born. He died in 1945.

1920 Joe Malone of the Quebec Bulldogs set a still-standing NHL record of seven goals in one game.

1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany.

1947 Singer-guitarist Steve Marriott (the Small FacesHumble Pie) is born. He dies in 1991.

1948 Indian leader and pacifist Mahatma Gandhi died at age 78.

1964 “Please Please Me” b/w “From Me To You” by the Beatles is released.

1968 Communist North Vietnamese forces launched surprise attacks against South Vietnam in what became known as the “Tet Offensive,” after the Vietnamese name for the lunar new year.

1969 The Beatles gave their final performance, on the roof of Apple Corps Headquarters in London. The 42-minute event, which was filmed for the documentary Let It Be, ended when police responded to the scene after a noise complaint was filed by a worker in a neighboring office building.

1970 All the members of the Grateful Dead except keyboardist Ron ”Pigpen“ McKernan were arrested in New Orleans for possession of marijuana. The incident later inspired some of the lyrics in the song “Truckin’.” The band didn’t return to Louisiana for seven years, and they stayed away from New Orleans for a full decade.

1971 “Love The One You’re With” by Stephen Stills peaks at Number 14 on the pop chart.

1971 “Immigrant Song” by Led Zeppelin peaks at Number 16 on the pop chart.

1971 Pendulum by Creedence Clearwater Revival peaks at Number Five on the album chart.

1971 John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band by John Lennon & the Plastic Ono Band peaks at Number Six on the album chart.

1972 Thirteen unarmed Roman Catholic civil-rights marchers were shot to death by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what became known as “Bloody Sunday.”

1973 Former Nixon aides G. Gordon Liddy and James McCord were found guilty in the Watergate break-in trial.

1976 Future president George H. W. Bush became CIA director.

1979 The government of Iran announced the decision to allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to return from exile in France.

1988 “Need You Tonight” by INXS hits Number One on the pop chart.

1993 “Steam” by Peter Gabriel peaks at Number 32 on the pop chart.

1994 The Buffalo Bills set an unwanted record never before seen in pro sports by losing their fourth consecutive world championship game when they lost the Super Bowl to the Dallas Cowboys. The Bills had lost the previous three Super Bowls.