1825 The Erie Canal opened, joining Lake Erie and the Hudson River, after an eight-year, $7.5 million construction project.
1881 The “Gunfight At The OK Corral” took place in Tombstone, Arizona, when Wyatt Earp, his two brothers, and Doc Holliday squared off against Ike Clanton‘s gang. Three Clanton gang members were killed, and one of Earp’s brothers and Holliday were wounded.
1914 Actor Jackie Coogan (The Addams Family‘s Uncle Fester) is born. He dies in 1984.
1950 Mother Teresa founded the first Mission Of Charity in Calcutta, India, which eventually led to some 450 missions being established around the world.
1951 Up-and-coming heavyweight boxer Rocky Marciano defeated his idol, 37-year-old former champ Joe Louis, with a knockout in the eighth round. After the fight, Marciano said, “I’m just lucky that I didn’t have to fight Joe 10 years ago.” Marciano went on to win the heavyweight title.
1952 Actress Hattie McDaniel (Gone With The Wind‘s Mammy) dies at age 57. McDaniel was the first African-American to win an Academy Award.
1956 At the Sportspalast in West Berlin, Bill Haley & His Comets play the first rock-and-roll concert in Germany.
1962 The Beatles record “Please Please Me” and “Ask Me Why.”
1962 In a dramatic verbal confrontation during the Cuban Missile Crisis, American U.N. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson asked his Soviet counterpart during a Security Council debate whether the U.S.S.R. had placed missiles in Cuba. “Don’t wait for the translation — yes or no?”, Stevenson demanded. “I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over.”
1965 Queen Elizabeth II presents the Beatles with their Member Of The British Empire (MBE) medals at Buckingham Palace in London.
1968 The Time Has Come by the Chambers Brothers peaks at Number Four on the album chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1968 Cream kicks off their farewell tour of the U.S.
1973 Band On The Run by Paul McCartney & Wings is released.
1974 ”Sweet Home Alabama” by Lynyrd Skynyrd peaks at Number Eight on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1974 Welcome Back My Friends To The Show That Never Ends – Ladies And Gentlemen by Emerson, Lake & Palmer peaks at Number Four on the album chart.
1981 Freeze-Frame by the J. Geils Band is released.
1984 Silk Degrees by Boz Scaggs is certified quadruple platinum.
1984 The movie The Terminator, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Michael Biehn, Linda Hamilton, Paul Winfield, Lance Henriksen, Rick Rossovich, and Bill Paxton, opens.
1984 Baby Fae, a newborn with a severe heart defect, was given the heart of a baboon in an experimental transplant in California. She lived for 21 days with the animal heart.
1985 ”Fortress Around Your Heart” by Sting peaks at Number Eight on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1985 ”I’m Goin’ Down” by Bruce Springsteen peaks at Number Nine on the pop chart.
1991 Concert promoter Bill Graham dies at age 60.
1994 Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Prime Minister Abdel Salam Majali of Jordan signed a peace treaty in a ceremony attended by President Clinton.
1997 The Florida Marlins, who came into existence in 1993, became the youngest franchise to win the World Series with a 3-2 victory in the 11th inning over the Cleveland Indians in Game 7.
2002 Russian special forces stormed a Moscow theater where more than 800 people had been take hostage three days earlier by 41 Chechen rebels. The operatives first used a narcotic gas to knock out the rebels, which wound up killing 129 of the hostages. The rebels were all killed, either by the gas or the Russian forces.