October 19

1781 British General Charles Lord Cornwallis surrendered to U.S. General George Washington, at Yorktown, Virginia, ending the last major battle of the Revolutionary War.

1812 One month after Napoleon Bonaparte‘s invading French army entered a burning and deserted Moscow, the starving force, with no means to survive the coming Russian winter, began a retreat. Suffering continual attacks, Napoleon’s army escaped the country with 10,000 soldiers, having suffered a loss of over 400,000 men during the disastrous invasion.

1920 Actress LaWanda Page (Sanford And Son‘s Aunt Esther) is born. She dies in 2002.

1932 Actor Robert Reed (The Brady Bunch‘s Mike Brady) is born. He dies in1992.

1938 Actor Buddy Ebsen was hospitalized after getting seriously ill from his Tin Woodsman makeup for The Wizard Of OzJack Haley replaced Ebsen in the part.

1944 Reggae star Peter Tosh is born. He dies in 1987.

1945 Cross-dressing actor Divine (Pink FlamingosPolyesterHairspray) is born. He dies in 1988.

1960 The U.S. imposed an embargo on all exports headed for Cuba, after a Communist takeover by Fidel Castro.

1963 “I Want To Hold Your Hand” by the Beatles is released.

1968 “Fire” by The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown peaks at Number Two on the pop chart.

1968 “All Along The Watchtower” by the Jimi Hendrix Experience, a cover of the Bob Dylan song, peaks at Number 20 on the pop chart.

1971 Keyboardist Keith Godchaux joins the Grateful Dead.

1973 Pin Ups by David Bowie is released.

1974 Not Fragile by Bachman-Turner Overdrive hits Number One on the album chart.

1982 “Burning Down One Side” by Robert Plant peaks at Number 64 on the pop chart.

1985 “Sunset Grill” by Don Henley peaks at Number 22 on the pop chart.

1987 “Black Monday” hit Wall Street, as the stock market crashed. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 508 points — 22.6 percent in value — in its biggest-ever percentage drop.

1998 Former heavyweight champion Mike Tyson got his boxing license back. He’d lost it for biting Evander Holyfield‘s ear during a bout in 1997.

1991 “Hole Hearted” by Extreme peaks at Number Four on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.

1991 “Something To Talk About” by Bonnie Raitt peaks at Number Five on the pop chart.

1991 Decade Of Decadence — ’81-’91 by Motley Crue enters the album chart at its peak position of Number Two.

1991 24 Nights by Eric Clapton is released.

2001 It was announced that a New Jersey postal worker and a New York Post employee had tested positive for skin anthrax.

2004 Stardust… The Great American Songbook: Volume III by Rod Stewart is released.

2004 Dave Mason is awarded the first “Doctor Of Rock” honorary degree by the Academy Of Art University in San Francisco.

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