1770 Fourteen-year-old Marie Antoinette married the future King Louis XVI of France, who was 15.
1866 Congress authorized the minting of the five-cent piece called the nickel, with not more than 25 percent nickel. The silver half-dime was used previously.
1868 The U.S. Senate failed by one vote to convict President Andrew Johnson in his impeachment trial.
1920 St. Joan Of Arc was canonized in Rome.
1927 The Supreme Court ruled that even though the manufacturing of liquor was illegal, all bootleggers had to pay income taxes.
1929 The first Academy Awards were presented during a banquet at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. The movie Wings won best film while Emil Jannings and Janet Gaynor were named Best Actor and Best Actress.
1939 Food stamps were introduced in the U.S.
1966 Pet Sounds by the Beach Boys is released.
1967 Ray Davies announces that he won’t be leaving the Kinks, after having told Britain’s NME he would do just that.
1970 Deja Vu by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young hits Number One on the album chart.
1970 Band Of Gypsys by Jimi Hendrix peaks at Number Five on the album chart.
1975 Japanese climber Junko Tabei became the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest. Her climb came almost 22 years after Sir Edmund Hillary first climbed the world’s highest mountain.
1977 Five people were killed when a New York Airways helicopter, idling atop the Pan Am Building in midtown Manhattan, toppled over, sending a huge rotor blade flying.
1981 “Hold On Loosely” by 38 Special peaks at Number 27 on the pop chart.
1984 Actor-comedian Andy Kaufman (Taxi) dies at age 35.
1985 Michael Jordan of the Chicago Bulls was named NBA Rookie Of The Year.
1985 Actress Margaret Hamilton (The Wizard Of Oz‘s Wicked Witch Of The West) dies at age 82.
1986 The character of Bobby Ewing, played by actor Patrick Duffy, was seen showering and greeting his wife as she woke up from a dream that had been the entire previous season’s shows on Dallas.
1986 The movie Top Gun, starring Tom Cruise, Kelly McGillis, Val Kilmer, Anthony Edwards, Tom Skerritt, Michael Ironside, Rick Rossovich, Tim Robbins, Whip Hubley, and Meg Ryan, opens.
1987 “With Or Without You” by U2 hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for three weeks.
1987 “Heat Of The Night” by Bryan Adams peaks at Number Six on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks, while Into The Fire peaks at Number Seven on the album chart.
1990 Actor-singer-dancer Sammy Davis, Jr. dies at age 64.
1990 Muppets creator Jim Henson dies at age 53.
1992 “One” by U2 peaks at Number 10 on the pop chart.
1994 Teen tennis ace Jennifer Capriati was arrested in Florida after police found a bag of marijuana in her hotel room.
1997 President Bill Clinton publicly apologized for the notorious Tuskegee experiment, in which government scientists deliberately allowed black men in Alabama to weaken and die of treatable syphilis.