1909 Actor James Mason (North By Northwest, Heaven Can Wait, The Boys From Brazil, The Verdict) is born. He dies in 1984.
1911 The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of the Standard Oil Company, ruling it was a monopoly in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
1926 The New York Rangers became the newest franchise to be awarded by the National Hockey League. Two years later, the Rangers won their first Stanley Cup.
1940 Nylon stockings went on general sale for the first time in the United States.
1941 New York Yankees outfielder Joe DiMaggio began his record 56-game hitting streak.
1948 Just hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon.
1953 World heavyweight champion Rocky Marciano collected his 44th pro boxing victory, knocking out former champ “Jersey” Joe Walcott at Chicago Stadium in two minutes, 25 seconds of the first round.
1967 Paul McCartney first meets Linda Eastman at the London nightclub the Bag O’Nails, at a Georgie Fame & the Blue Fames show. Linda is in town on a photo assignment and sitting at a table with members of the Animals when Paul introduces himself.
1970 Phillip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green, two black students at Mississippi’s Jackson State University, were killed when police opened fire during student protests.
1970 President Richard Nixon appointed Elizabeth Hoisington and Anna Mae Mays as the first female U.S. generals.
1971 “Love Her Madly” by the Doors peaks at Number 11 on the pop chart.
1971 4 Way Street by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young hits Number One on the album chart.
1972 Alabama governor and segregation symbol George C. Wallace was shot and left paralyzed by Arthur Bremer while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination at a Maryland shopping center.
1973 The first issue of Playgirl went on sale.
1973 Pitcher Nolan Ryan threw the first of his record seven career no-hitters.
1976 Black And Blue by the Rolling Stones hits Number One on the album chart, where it spends a total of four weeks.
1982 “Ebony & Ivory” by Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for seven weeks.
1982 Asia by Asia hits Number One on the album chart, where it spends a total of nine weeks.
1984 Nils Lofgren joins Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band.
1996 Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole announced he was leaving the Senate after 27 years to run against President Bill Clinton full-time.
2000 George W. Bush proposed letting Americans invest Social Security taxes in the stock market, appealing for support from the millions of people who have thrived in a booming market. Presidential rival Al Gore condemned the idea as a dangerous gamble that would turn the solemn obligations of the 65-year-old retirement plan into “a system of winners and losers.”