1607 The first permanent settlement by Europeans in North America is established at Jamestown, in what is now Virginia.
1796 English physician Edward Jenner administered the first vaccination against smallpox to an eight-year-old boy.
1804 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark set off from St. Louis, beginning the first overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back.
1897 John Philip Sousa‘s march “Stars And Stripes Forever” was first performed.
1936 Singer Bobby Darin was born. He died in 1973.
1948 The independent state of Israel was proclaimed by Prime Minster David Ben-Gurion in Tel Aviv, as British rule in Palestine came to an end.
1955 Representatives from eight Communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, signed the Warsaw Pact, creating an alliance opposing NATO.
1965 Queen Elizabeth II unveiled a memorial to the late U.S. president John Kennedy on a field at Runnymede, the site west of London where the Magna Carta was signed in 1215.
1966 “Shapes Of Things” by the Yardbirds peaks at Number 11 on the pop chart.
1970 Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young release “Ohio” just 10 days after members of the Ohio National Guard kill four students and wound nine others at Kent State University during an anti-war protest.
1976 Yardbirds singer-harmonica player Keith Relf dies at age 33.
1977 Songs From The Wood by Jethro Tull peaks at Number Eight on the album chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1977 Even In The Quietest Moments by Supertramp peaks at Number 16 on the album chart.
1982 Actor Hugh Beaumont (Leave It To Beaver‘s Ward Cleaver) dies at age 73.
1983 Pyromania by Def Leppard peaks at Number Two on the album chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1989 Tens of thousands demonstrated for democratic reforms in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square on the eve of a visit to the country by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
1993 Eighty-five-year-old newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, Jr. died after a heart attack. He was editor-in-chief of Hearst Newspapers and chairman of the executive committee of the Hearst Corporation.
1996 Hall Of Fame NBA player Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers retired for a second and final time. The 36-year-old, HIV-positive Johnson had returned to the Lakers four months earlier, after first retiring in 1991 upon learning he was infected with the virus that causes AIDS.
1996 Actors Antonio Banderas and Melanie Griffith are married.
1998 The hit NBC sitcom Seinfeld aired its final episode after a nine-year run.
2000 Tens of thousands of mothers rallied in Washington, D.C., in the Million Mom March to demand strict control of handguns.
2003 Actor Robert Stack (The Untouchables, Airplane!, Caddyshack II) dies at age 84.
2005 Motley Crue appears on America’s Most Wanted to help with the search for missing fan Tracey Gardner-Tetso, who was reported missing by her husband two months earlier when she failed to meet up with friends at a Crue concert near Baltimore. The band also offers a $10,000 reward for information.