1751James Madison, the fourth U.S. president, is born.
1850The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne is first published.
1881, The P.T. Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts.
1915, The Federal Trade Commission is established. The U.S. government appointed five commissioners to receive $10,000 each year to regulate commerce and prohibit unlawful trade.
1926, Actor/comedian Jerry Lewis was born today. He dies in 2017 at age 91.
1937, Former world champion hurdler Percy Beard is hired by the Brooklyn Dodgers to teach the faltering baseball team how to run.
1963Peter, Paul & Mary release the single “Puff The Magic Dragon.” Through the years, controversy continually surrounds the song, and it’s been banned by some radio stations whose management think the song is about marijuana.
1964 President Lyndon Johnson declares his “War On Poverty” and asks Congress for $700 million to fund social programs.
1968, The My Lai massacre, in which 450 die, occurs in the Vietnam War.
1968Robert F. Kennedy announces his presidential campaign.
1985, Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut.
1991, Seven of Reba McEntire‘s band members are killed in a plane crash.
1994Tonya Harding pleads guilty to a felony for paying someone to attack fellow figure skater Nancy Kerrigan.
1995, Mississippi formally abolishes slavery and ratifies the 13th Amendment.
2006, The United Nations General Assembly votes to establish the UN Human Rights Council.

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