1639, Harvard University was named for clergyman John Harvard.
1781, the planet Uranus was discovered by Sir William Herschel.
1868, the U.S. Senate impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson began, over what amounted to a battle over his lenient Reconstruction policies for the defeated South. Johnson was acquitted.
1922, WRR-AM in Dallas, Texas begins radio transmissions.
1925, Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution.
1964, Thirty-eight residents of a Queens, New York, neighborhood failed to respond to the screams of 28-year-old Kitty Genovese as she was being stabbed to death.
1965, “Eight Days A Week” by the Beatles hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1965Eric Clapton leaves the Yardbirds. He was replaced by Jeff Beck.
1970, The cover of Life magazine showed the extremes of the new hemline hassle that was raging — a battle of long skirts versus short skirts.
1987John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering.
1996, Forty-three-year-old Thomas Hamilton burst into the gym of the Dunblane Primary School in Scotland with four guns and opened fire on a kindergarten class. Sixteen children and their teacher were killed before Hamilton turned the gun on himself. As a result, handguns were banned in the U.K.
1997, India’s Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
2013, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio is elected the new pope, taking the papal name Pope Francis.

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