1897 Carl Elsener patented his Swiss Army Knife.
1917 The family members of the U.S. President began receiving protection from the Secret Service.
1929 Author Anne Frank was born. She dies in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945 at age 15.
1939 The National Baseball Hall Of Fame And Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, New York.
1951 Boston singer Brad Delp was born. He committed suicide in 2007.
1952 Pretenders bassist Pete Farndon is born. He dies in 1983.
1963 Civil rights activist Medgar Evers is shot and killed in Jackson, Mississippi, at age 37.
1964 South African anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment in South Africa. He was released 27 years later in 1990, and was elected president in 1994 in South Africa’s first free elections.
1967 The U.S. Supreme Court struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriage.
1968 Blues Traveler bassist Bobby Sheehan is born. He dies in 1999.
1971 President Richard Nixon‘s daughter Tricia and Edward F. Cox were married in the White House Rose Garden.
1973 KISS enters Electric Ladyland studios in New York City to record some demos with producer-engineer Eddie Kramer.
1976 Here And There by Elton John peaks at Number Four on the album chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1981 Raiders Of The Lost Ark, starring Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones, opens in theatres.
1982 Diver Down by Van Halen peaks at Number Three on the album chart, where it stays for three weeks.
1982 Jump Up! by Elton John peaks at Number 17 on the album chart.
1982 Jackson Browne, Bruce Springsteen, James Taylor, Linda Ronstadt, and Gary “U.S.” Bonds take part in the Rally For Nuclear Disarmament in New York City’s Central Park. More than 750,000 people attend.
1987 During a visit to the divided city of Berlin, President Ronald Reagan publicly challenged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to “tear down this wall.”
1991 The Chicago Bulls win the first NBA championship in the team’s 25-year history with a 108-101 victory in Game 5 over the Los Angeles Lakers. Most Valuable Player Michael Jordan scores 30 points, and his supporting cast is led by Scottie Pippen with 32 points and John Paxson with 20 points.
1993 Unplugged… And Seated by Rod Stewart enters the album chart at its peak position of Number Two, where it stays for five weeks.
1994 Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home. O.J. Simpson spent nine months in 1995 being tried for the killings in a Los Angeles court. He was acquitted in October 1995 in a criminal trial, but held liable in a civil action.
1999 Actors Courtney Cox and David Arquette are married.
1999 At a Sotheby’s auction in New York City, Michael Jackson paid more than $1.5 million for the Best Picture Oscar statuette producer David O. Selznick won for Gone With The Wind.
2000 Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band kick off a ten-show run at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The shows are featured on the Live In New York City album, DVD, and HBO special.
2000 The Supreme Court, in a unanimous ruling, said patients cannot use a federal law to sue HMO’s for giving doctors a financial incentive to cut treatment costs.
2002 Billy Joel has a car accident near his home in New York’s Hamptons area. Soon after, he checks himself into the Silver Hill Hospital in New Canaan, Connecticut, a substance abuse and psychiatric facility, “for a planned 10-day stay to deal with a specific and personal problem that had recently developed.”
2003 Actor Gregory Peck (Moby Dick, On The Beach, The Guns Of Navarone, To Kill A Mockingbird, The Omen, The Boys From Brazil) dies at age 87.