1692 Bridget Bishop was hanged as the first victim of the Salem witch trials.
1854 The U.S. Naval Academy graduated its first class.
1910 Blues legend Howlin’ Wolf is born. He dies in 1976.
1922 Actress-singer Judy Garland (The Wizard Of Oz, Meet Me In St. Louis, Easter Parade, A Star Is Born; mother of Liza Minnelli) is born. She dies in 1969.
1935 Alcoholics Anonymous was founded by William G. Wilson and Dr. Robert Smith.
1943 The ball point pen is invented.
1946 Italy replaced its abolished monarchy with a republic.
1952 The first drive-thru restaurant opens.
1962 Actor Chris Penn (Footloose, Reservoir Dogs, Rush Hour; brother of Sean Penn is born. He dies in January of 2006.
1964 The Rolling Stones record tracks for their 12×5 album at Chess Studios in Chicago.
1965 The first Subway Sandwiches store opens.
1967 The Six-Day Middle East War ended as Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt, and Syria agreed to observe a U.N.-mediated cease-fire.
1968 Jimi Hendrix begins the recording sessions for his Electric Ladyland album.
1972 Manassas by Stephen Stills peaks at Number Four on the album chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1977 Convicted Martin Luther King, Jr. assassin James Earl Ray escaped from prison in Tennessee. He was recaptured three days later.
1978 Affirmed won the 110th Belmont Stakes becoming horse racing’s most recent Triple Crown winner.
1978 “Baby Hold On” by Eddie Money peaks at Number 11 on the pop chart.
1978 “Deacon Blues” by Steely Dan peaks at Number 19 on the pop chart.
1978 RCA Records releases a new version of Prokofiev‘s Peter And The Wolf, which is narrated by David Bowie.
1983 The Wild Heart by Stevie Nicks is released.
1985 Coca-Cola announces that they will bring back their original flavor as “Classic Coke,” after their “New Coke” campaign doesn’t work out.
1985 Claus Von Bulow was acquitted in his retrial on charges that he’d tried to murder his heiress wife, Martha “Sunny” Von Bulow. The story of his trial was made into the film Reversal Of Fortune.
1986 Queen Elizabeth II knights Bob Geldof of the Boomtown Rats in recognition of his efforts to help feed the hungry in Africa via the Band Aid single “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” and the subsequent Live Aid concerts.
1996 The Rosie O’Donnell Show debuted.
1999 NATO announced that it had suspended the bombing campaign in Kosovo, and the U.N. Security Council formally ratified the negotiated peace proposal.
2002 American Jose Padilla was arrested for allegedly plotting with al-Qaida terrorists to detonate a “dirty bomb” that would spread radioactive material, possibly targeting Washington, D.C. Padilla was a former gang member from Chicago who’d converted to Islam.
2003 “Hole In The World” by the Eagles is released in Best Buy stores exclusively.