1881 Wild West outlaw Billy The Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett.
1928 Actor Bob Crane (Hogan’s Heroes) is born. He dies in 1978.
1947 Europe accepts the Marshall Plan to aid European recovery following World War II.
1960 Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy wins the Democratic presidential nomination at his party’s convention in Los Angeles.
1967 Race riots break out in Newark, New Jersey. Twenty-seven people die in the rioting, which lasts five days.
1968 In an interview with Britain’s Melody Maker, singer-guitarist Eric Clapton says Cream “has lost direction” and will break up.
1973 Don Everly of the Everly Brothers tells his brother Phil that he plans to leave the group after a concert the next day. The duo would actually split up onstage during their performance.
1974 “Come Monday” by Jimmy Buffett peaks at Number 30 on the pop chart.
1974 Caribou by Elton John hits Number One on the album chart, where it stays for four weeks
1977 New York City experiences a 25-hour blackout after lightning strikes a transformer in upstate New York.
1985 Arthur Ashe becomes the first African-American inducted into the International Tennis Hall Of Fame.
1985 Live Aid is held in the U.S. at JFK Stadium in Philadelphia and in the U.K. at Wembley Stadium in London. The concert features sets from Led Zeppelin, with Phil Collins on drums; the Who; Mick Jagger and Tina Turner backed by Hall & Oates and the Temptations; Bob Dylan backed by Rolling Stones guitarists Keith Richards and Ronnie Wood; U2; Santana; Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers; Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; David Bowie; Elton John; George Thorogood; Madonna; the Thompson Twins; Duran Duran; Power Station; Black Sabbath reunited with Ozzy Osbourne; Run-D.M.C.; Judas Priest; and many others.
1990 The movie Ghost, starring Patrick Swayze, Demi Moore, and Whoopi Goldberg, opens.
1999 Stanley Kubrick‘s final directorial effort, Eyes Wide Shut, starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman, opens nationwide.