1798 The U.S. Marine Corps was officially established by an act of Congress.
1804 Aaron Burr, former vice-president of the United States, mortally wounded former Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton in a duel over political rivalry and accusations. Hamilton died the next day.
1859 A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
1899 Author E.B. White (Charlotte’s Web, Stuart Little) is born. He dies in 1985.
1914 In his major league debut, Boston Red Sox pitcher Babe Ruth beat the Indians by the score of 4-3.
1920 Actor Yul Brynner (The Ten Commandments, The King and I, The Magnificent Seven, Westworld) is born. He dies in 1985.
1955 The U.S. Air Force Academy was dedicated in Colorado Springs.
1964 The first 7-11 convenience store opened. The store got its name from its extended hours, from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m.
1964 “No Particular Place To Go” by Chuck Berry peaks at Number 10 on the pop chart.
1964 “House Of The Rising Sun” by the Animals hits Number One on the U.K. pop chart.
1966 The TV series The Newlywed Game debuts.
1969 “Honky Tonk Women” by the Rolling Stones is released.
1970 “Mama Told Me (Not To Come)” by Three Dog Night hits Number One on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.
1970 “Ride Captain Ride” by Blues Image peaks at Number Four on the pop chart.
1970 The soundtrack to the movie Woodstock hits Number One on the album chart, where it stays for four weeks.
1975 Fleetwood Mac by Fleetwood Mac is released.
1977 The Medal Of Freedom was awarded posthumously to the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in a White House ceremony.
1979 The Skylab space station re-enters Earth’s atmosphere from its orbit. Much of the vessel burns up during re-entry, with the remaining debris scattered across Australia and the Indian Ocean.
1979 Neil Young‘s Rust Never Sleeps album is released, the same day that the Rust Never Sleeps film premieres.
1987 “Alone” by Heart hits Number One on the pop chart, where it will stay for three weeks.
1989 Actor Laurence Olivier (Spartacus, Marathon Man, The Boys From Brazil) dies at age 82.
1995 Twenty years after the fall of Saigon, President Bill Clinton established full diplomatic relations with Vietnam.
1995 R.E.M. singer-bassist Mike Mills has abdominal surgery to remove an intestinal tumor.