August 10

1776 Benjamin FranklinJohn Adams, and Thomas Jefferson suggest that the United States adopt “E Pluribus Unum” — which means “Out of many, one” — as the motto for the Great Seal.

1833 Chicago is incorporated as a village, with a population of less than 200 at the time.

1898 Actor Jack Haley (The Wizard Of Oz‘s Tin Woodsman) is born. He dies in 1979.

1909 Leo Fender, who created the Stratocaster guitar, is born. He dies in 1991.

1945 Japan announces its willingness to surrender to the Allies, one day after the city of Nagasaki was hit with the second atomic bomb.

1963 “Wipe Out” by the Surfaris peaks at Number Two on the pop chart.

1964 “Please Please Me” b/w “From Me To You” by the Beatles is released.

1968 Wheels Of Fire by Cream hits Number One on the album chart, where it stays for four weeks.

1972 Paul & Linda McCartney are arrested and fined $1,200 for drug possession in Gothenburg, Sweden. Paul is quoted as saying, “This will make good publicity for our concert tonight.”

1974 “Call On Me” by Chicago peaks at Number Six on the pop chart, where it stays for two weeks.

1974 “Takin’ Care Of Business” by Bachman-Turner Overdrive peaks at Number 12 on the pop chart.

1974 Tres Hombres by ZZ Top peaks at Number Eight on the album chart.

1977 David Berkowitz was arrested in Yonkers, New York, and accused of being the “Son Of Sam” gunman whose year-long series of attacks killed six, wounded seven, and terrorized New York City.

1981 Cal Ripken, Jr. made his major league debut as a Baltimore Orioles pinch-runner.

1981 The head of John Walsh‘s son Adam is found in Hollywood, Florida. This event will later prompt Congress to pass the Missing Children’s Act, giving the FBI greater authority to track the disappearance of children. It also makes Walsh a national spokesman against crime and eventually leads to the establishment of America’s Most Wanted.

1985 Michael Jackson paid $47.5 million for the Northern Songs Catalogue of the Beatles‘ copyrights, which included 251 songs written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney.

1985 Reckless by Bryan Adams hits Number One on the album chart, where it stays for two weeks.

1988 President Ronald Reagan signed a measure providing $20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans interned by the U.S. government during World War II.

1993 Ruth Bader Ginsburg was sworn in as the second female justice on the Supreme Court.

1995 Hollywood madam Heidi Fleiss was convicted of conspiracy, tax evasion, and money laundering.

1995 Norma McCorvey — the “Jane Roe” whose demand for an abortion led to the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision — announced she’d joined the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue.

2005 The Rolling Stones play a “surprise” club show at the Phoenix Concert Theatre in Toronto to wrap up rehearsals for their A Bigger Bang world tour.

2006 Scotland Yard disrupts what is said to be a major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft traveling from the United Kingdom to the United States.

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